Pavilions for the Shanghai Expo 2010 look like, for most of them, wonderful architectural objects. My focus will be on two pavilions, the Japanese one. the main Shanghai Expo 2010 theme is Better city better life. All participants are invited to conceive projects based on this theme. Next article will present the main axis of the French Pavilion.
The theme of Japan is Better life from Japan, otherwise the linkage of technology and the quality of life. Otherwise, technology will play a role that can help humans achieve a more comfortable and confident life. In this shrinkage country — decreasing demography and aging population are two parameters that are taken into account when talking of quality of life. Other aspects are the increasing of tiny plots, this says, tiny houses, pollution and the lack of green spaces and open spaces — Japanese experts believe that After-Kyoto Metropolis will be a Metropolis of technology, ecology, and quality of life. Japanese Pavilion is an illustration of ecological technology, a "huge breathing organism which would express the harmony" between Humans and technology. According to Commissionner general of the Japanese section Tsukamoto Hiroshi, technology can be a tool to a cleaner world and a better life.
As for the concept, three themes have been selected as follows: "Reuse", "Space" and "Pulse". In substance, and as mentioned below, the Pavilion illustrates Japanese ancient reusing philosophy. It will display various space structure seen in Japanese mountains, rivers, streets, houses and garden — the base color of the building is a reddish violet viewed as a natural color that arises from the harmony of red, symbolizing the sun, and blue, symbolizing water —, as well as demonstrate time management methodology that represents the pulsation of Japanese culture.
The choice of the location
The location was previously the site of Jiangnan Shipyard Plant. It is now implanted on the eastern side of the site, boasting 4,000 square-meter in exhibition area. According to the Japan Pavilion official page, the location was three reasons:
- Convenient location in close proximity to the entrance gate near the city's main subway line;
- demonstration of the Pavilion's environmental-conscious philosophy is feasable through reusing construction;
- appealing exhibition potential is available through the immense space consisting of approximately 100,000 square-meter
Around 2010 edition producer Tsukaiya Taichi, Architects and designers team, composed of Kita Toshiyuki, Nakamura Yûgo, Ban Shigeru, Fujimoto Sô, to quote but a few, challenged the 6 000 square-meter plot to build a 24-meter-high box. The building area is approximately 3,900 square-meter with a total floor area of 7,200 square-meter including semi-enclosed outdoor spaces approximately 8,200 square-meter.
The construction aims to demonstrate Japan's philosophy to recycle resources and will be built with reusable single-pipe structuring. As the for the building structure, it is made of steel frame. One will understand the participation of Ban Shigeru one of the most famous architects who developed for decades a sustainable architectural approach, and Fujimoto Sô who develops also an ecological architecture — nature is in the heart of his philosophy. It combines traditional Japanese knowledge for living in harmony with the environment, such as En no shita (this says: the utility space under verandas) and uchimizu (the sprinkling of water by hands to reduce heat) with the latest environmental control and materials technology.
Other aspect is the building skin. The goal is to make use of natural resources with solar energy collection batteries and a double-layer membrane that can filter sunshine, all part of Japan's vision of, as mentioned above, how technology can improve our lives.
The Pavillion articulates 3 floors above ground, this says, past, present and future exhibits. The plan shows the distribution of interior spaces wichi looks like a 3-D canvas. Visitors will experience Chinese elements, this says, Chinese characters and traditional Chinese architectural styles.
The Pavilion will welcome approximately 1800 visitors at the same time. The construction started on February the 27th, 2009.
These different images show the color of the skin, this famous reddish violet.
P.S. : Pictures are from different website