1/21/2012

Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid by Amann-Canovas-Maruri

Amann-Canovas-Maruri (ACM) completed the Housing in Carabanchel, Spain, consisting of a massive colorful metallic housing block and a central courtyard combo. While achieved in 2009, it is interesting to look back at this project as it continues its exploration of Le Corbusier's mass housing principles that appear to dominate Spain's housing development.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid, 2009 © Amann-Canovas-Maruri. Photo credit: Miguel de Guzman

The Housing in Carabanchel is impressive with its façade punctuated by these colorful panels that screen the envelope. The enclosed courtyard plays is in the heart of this housing project, as the architects say.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

This massive yet elegant as well as functional residential block, rectangular in form, encloses a private courtyard and express a colorful façade with these red, blue, brown, yellow, orange and red shutters.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

Volume
The compact volume reminds MVRDV's Celosia, located in Madrid, as well as Le Corbusier's Immeuble-Villas, 1922. As known, Les Immeuble-Villas seem to have nurtured these recent housing development in Madrid, at least they served as model for mass production of block housing.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri. Photo Credit: Miguel de Guzman

Accordingly, following Corbusier's concept of residential block, the Housing in Carabanchel is compact in form and provides efficient and flexible units for the occupants.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Murari. Photo credit: Miguel de Guzman

As the architects said, mechanical necessities generate this modular design offering flexible interior spaces with openings in the wall. This rectangular housing block has then been manipulated to generate a inner courtyard.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri. Photo Credit: Miguel de Guzman

The surface of the envelope is perforated with colorful panels for air, daylight circulation and views.
It also brings to mind the Corbusian vision of housing that dominated the 20th century architecture. Les Immeubles-Villas are a direct inspiration for this Madrid-based agency.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri. Photo credit: David Frutos

These colorful metal shutters across the entire façade break the repetitive façade, common trait in Madrid's suburbs. These also create a colorful affect allowing ventilation and natural light into the inner spaces, while protecting from external views.
Housing in Carabanchel, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri. Photo credit: David Frutos

Private terraces allow for solar access and air circulation as well as view into the inner courtyard.
3D type, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

A strong focus on the differentiation…
…accentuated by the use of color patterning. Green, orange, red, yellow, blue, brown… a discontinuous set of colorful panels, in lieu of common panels, play an important role as it used to break down volume, and to generate a formal autonomy formel and a spiritual inclusion, as the architects said.
4D Type, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

Color is particularly utilized to break down monotony and repetition that characterize Spanish typology of residential blocks. Such just as MVRDV's Celosia, FOA's Viviemos en Carabanchel, ACM attempts to create a disruption within the clautrophobic conditions of existing developments in Spain.
Axiometrics © Amann-Canovas-Maruri

Each unit has its own private patio in accordance with the principles of Le Corbusier's Les Immeuble-Villas.
Construction details © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

As the architects mentioned, Le Corbusier spent his life developing research upon how to interprete the benefits of a family in urban housing, including garden, views, orientation.
Lower floor plan © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

The creation of a central inner courtyard is another influence from Le Corbusier, a courtyard that is also reproduced in various project such as MVRDV's Celosia.
Elevations © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.

Units are interconnected by corridors and open terraces, open terraces that also act as tool since air circulates easily in the open terraces and ensures that fresh air gets into the building.
Housing in Carabanchel — Open terrace, Madrid © Amann-Canovas-Maruri. Photo credit: Miguel de Guzman
Situation plan © Amann-Canovas-Maruri.
Type Floor Plan © Amann-Canevas-Maruri.
Scheme © Amann-Canevas-Maruri.
Section © Amann-Canevas-Maruri.



Building facts
Project: Housing in Carabanchel
Architects: Amann-Canovas-Maruri — Atxu Amann, Andres Canovas, Nicolas Maruri
Location: Avenida de la Peseta, Carabanchel, Madrid, Spain
Client: EMVS (Department of Housing, Madrid Council Government)
Site area: 4441.33 sqm
Built-up area: 13419.81 sqm (including parking areas)
Completed year: May 2009
Colaborators: Gonealo Pardo Diaz, Beatriz Amann Vargas, Ana Arriero Cano, Ignacio Diaz Gonzalez, Sara de la Fuente Sanz, Susana Velasco Sanchez, Christina, Parreno Alonso, Ana Lopez, Rafael Marcos, Carlos Rios, Rafael Palomares, Javier Gutierrez
Photographs: Miguel de Guzman, David Frutos

Images originally appeared on Archdaily except if not mentioned. See also: El Mundo (in Spanish): "Los arquitectos hemos sido la punta de lanza del liberalismo mas soez".

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